Tramadol is an oral prescription tablet that is available as an immediate-release and extended-release tablet. It is also known as an extended-release oral capsule. The immediate form of this drug is released into the body right away. On the other hand, an extended form of this drug is released into the body slowly over time.
Tramadol belongs to the group of drugs known as opioid analgesics that acts in the central nervous system to relieve pain. When you use it for a prolonged time, it may become addictive, causing physical and mental dependence. However, an individual who has continuing pain should not let the fear of addiction keep them from using opioids to relieve the pain. Mental addiction is not likely to occur when narcotics are used for this purpose. Some physical dependence may lead to withdrawal symptoms if treatment is discontinued abruptly.
Tramadol belongs to the family of opioid agonists. A family of drugs is a group of medicines that works similarly. These medicines are often used to treat the same conditions.
Tramadol works by changing how your brain reacts to pain. It is similar to a substance in your brain known as endorphins. They are bound to receptors, which are part of the cell that receives a particular substance. These receptors then decrease the pain messages that your body sends to the brain. Tramadol works similarly to other opioids to reduce the amount of pain you think you are having.
Tramadol is a synthetic opioid that usually starts to relieve pain within an hour in its immediate acting tablet, which is used for short-term management of pain. The drug may take longer to begin affecting with the extended-release form as it is gradually released over 12 to 24 hours. But relief in pain lasts longer. The extended release of this drug is used to help with prolonged pain.
When you take Tramadol, and it gets absorbed into the bloodstream, you get a gradual onset of pain relief that reaches the peak before the pain-relieving effects taper off. An immediate form of this drug reaches the height in your system after two to three hours and typically lasts around six hours. While the extended form of this drug reaches the peak at 10 to 12 hours, but usually provides lasting relief for about 24 hours when taken orally.
Tramadol oral pills may cause dizziness and drowsiness. You should avoid driving, using heavy machinery, or performing hazardous activities until you know how this medicine affects you. It may also cause other side effects.
Some common side effects of Tramadol may include:
drowsiness and dizziness
lack of energy
nausea and vomiting
headache and constipation
sweating and itching
Suppose these side effects are mild so that they may fade away within a few days or a couple of weeks. If they are more severe or do not go away, consult your pharmacist immediately.
Call for emergency help immediately if you have severe side effects. Call the emergency number if your symptoms feel life-threatening. Some severe side effects may include:
high blood pressure
rapid heart rate
high body temperature
lack of coordination
reflexes that are stronger than normal
diarrhea and agitation
nausea and vomiting
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